Aikido Dictionary

General Definitions
Term Pronunciation Meaning
Aikido eye-key-doe Loosely translated: Way of Peace (ai: harmony or union or oneness, ki: spirit, do: way or path)
Aikidoka eye-key-doe-kah A person who practices Aikido
Aikikai eye-key-kie One of the three main styles of Aikido practiced today. By many, considered the only true Aikido. More info here.
Aiki taiso eye-key-tie-so Aikido exercises
Bo boe See Jo.
Bokken bow-ken Wooden sword used in practice
Budo boo-do Way of War (bu: war, do: way or path). In general, a martial art or martial arts as a whole
Bushido boo-she-do Way of the Warrior. Seven virtues a Japanese warrior is meant to follow. More here.
Dan dawn Black belt rank. There are ten stations of Dan, as follows:
Shodan - 1st dan (beginning dan)
Nidan - 2nd dan
Sandan - 3rd dan
Yondan - 4th dan
Godan - 5th dan
Rokudan - 6th dan
Nanadan - 7th dan
Hachidan - 8th dan
Kudan - 9th dan
Judan -10th dan
Dojo doe-joe A training hall, where martial arts are taught
Gaeshi guy-eh-she To reverse
Gi ghee training uniform
Hakama haw-kah-ma A black (sometimes dark blue) split, pleated skirt/pants worn over the gi by people who have earned the privilege. (also by women in some traditions)
Hantai iawn-tie In reverse order
Hara har-ah The center of existence. Lower abdomen, physical and spiritual center.
Hidari he-dah-ree Left (direction)
Jiyu gee-you Free style
Jo joe Wooden staff, usually about 4 feet by 15/16" and commonly made of white oak. AKA bo or bo staff.
Kaiten kie-ten To revolve or rotate
kamiza kam-ee-zah The front of the dojo, where the picture of O-Sensei rests. May be just a picture, or much more elaborate.
Keiko kay-ko Practice session; training
Ki key Often translated and described as spirit or energy. Ki, the life-stuff of the Universe, has no English equivalent. An essential element of all aspects of oriental culture -- philosophy, medicine, art, and physical training -- the full significance of ki only becomes clear through firsthand experience.
Ki Society One of the three main styles of Aikido practiced today. More info here.
Kiai key-eye Literally "a meeting of the spirits," this is a penetrating cry or scream originating in the Hara. On the physical plane, kiai is manifest as a piercing shout emanating from the depths of one's being; on the spiritual plane, it is manifest as a steady outpouring of vital energy.
Kokyu coke-you Literally "breathing," or "breath," this refers to the Ki-power generated through the Hara, or one point in the lower abdomen. The concept of kokyu is similar to the Hindu idea of prana, "life breath of the cosmos." When one's kokyu is full and deep, one is in tune with the workings of the universe.
Kyu cue Rank below black belt. There are six stations of kyu, as follows:
Rokukyu - 6th kyu (lowest rank attainable)
Gokyu - 5th kyu
Yonkyo - 4th kyu
Sankyu - 3rd kyu
Nikyu - 2nd kyu
Ikkyu, Shokyu - 1st kyu (highest kyu rank)
Migi mee-ghee Right (direction)
Nage nah-gay Throw... the person who throws
Obi oh-bee Belt
Randori ran-door-ree Multiple attack
Rei ray Salutation, bow
Seiza say-zah Formal sitting posture
Shiho she-ho Four directions
Shikko she-koe Knee walking
Shodokan Aikido show-doe-khan One of the three main types of Aikido practiced today. More info here.
Shodan show-dawn first degree black belt
Tachi tah-chee Japanese sword (longer than a katana)
Tanto tahn-toe Wooden knife
Tenchi ten-chee Ten=heaven, chi=earth. A position of the hand, one high (up) and one low (down).
Uke ooh-kay A person who receives an attack. Generally speaking.
Waza wah-zah Techniques
Yudansha you-dawn-sha Black belt rank
 


""
                          ~ O-Sensei

Counting in Japanese
 
1 ichi
2 ni
3 san
4 shi OR yon
5 go
6 roku
7 shichi OR nana
8 hachi
9 ku
10 ju

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